Low back pain has become a cause of disability in the 21th century man. It affects the spine’s flexibility, stability, and strength, which can cause pain, discomfort, and stiffness. Low back pain can affect a person’s quality of life, making it a huge socioeconomic and emotional burden.
Low Back Pain
The lower back is subject to a lot of mechanical stress and strain. Low back pain is one of the most common problems people have. It is the common cause of job-related disability and a leading contributor to missed work days.
New research reveals being engaged in manual tasks involving awkward positions will increase the risk of low back pain by eight times. Besides manual tasks, distractions during activities and fatigue can also trigger low back pain. In the study, the risk of a new episode of lower back pain significantly increased due to a range of triggers, from odds ratio of 2.7 for moderate to vigorous physical activity to 25 for distraction during an activity.
Most of us experience back pain for at least once in our lifetime. Although this pain or discomfort can happen anywhere in your back, the most commonly affected area is your lower back. This is because the part of your body that carries most of the weight of your upper body is your lower back.
You may experience symptoms that include dull ache or sharp pain, tingling or burning sensation, and weakness in the legs or feet. The symptoms of low back pain may differ on each individual depending on the cause.
There are many causes of back pain. Sometimes it occurs after a specific movement such as lifting or bending. Simply getting older also plays a role in many back conditions. Conditions commonly linked to back pain include muscle or ligament strain, bulging or ruptured disks, arthritis, skeletal irregularities, and osteoporosis.
Low back pain can be acute, or short term, and lasts for a few days to a few weeks. It can also be chronic, which persists for 12 weeks or longer.
Treatment for low back pain depends if the pain is acute or chronic. Conventionally used treatments include hot or cold packs, activity, strengthening exercises, physiotherapy, and medications.
Conservative treatments should be considered first in treating low back pain. Surgery is advised only if there is evidence of worsening nerve damage and when diagnostic tests show structural changes. If other conservative therapies fail, surgery may be considered an option to relieve pain led by severe musculoskeletal injuries or nerve compression.
How Physiotherapy Helps
The best practitioners to consult with back pain are those who primarily deal with musculoskeletal conditions to provide appropriate care. Physiotherapists are among these practitioners. They are evidence-informed and competent within this field.
Physiotherapists play an important role in the management of low back pain. They usually treat patients using manual techniques and advice. Physiotherapy helps get rid of back pain and improve your mobility by restoring function to poorly moving spinal joints, as well as reducing muscle tension and increasing muscle strength.
Physiotherapy treatment for low back pain begins with assessment where your physiotherapist will perform a detailed history, orthopaedic, neurological and spinal examination. The assessment will help find out what exactly causes the pain. In some cases, you may need other tests such as x-rays and digital scanning.
Evidence supports the benefits of physiotherapy and exercise before and after surgery. Physiotherapy provides strength and stability which can reduce a patient’s recovery time after surgery.
The human body needs to be assessed and treated not like a machine and more like an ecosystem in which multiple factors will influence patient presentations and results. At Happy Physio, we provide proper diagnosis and create treatment program that will suit your condition.
If you need help with your low back pain, speak to any of our Perth physiotherapist. Call us at 9272 7359 today! 🙂