A bruise or a contusion to the foot refers to damage to the blood vessels in the foot. People usually confuse a bruised bone injury to a fracture. Bruises are injuries that develop on the outer layer of the affected bone, which results in a hairline crack on the bone. Therefore, we can’t say the bone is fractured – it is just severely inflamed. Athletes and people involve in a lot of sports activities are more likely to experience bone injury.
Depending on the location of the damage, a bruised foot bone can be put into three categories:
- Periosteal bruise. Injury to the blood vessels in the outer layer of the affected bone
- Subcutaneous injury. Superficial bruise or bruise to the outer surface of the affected bone underneath the skin
- Intramuscular bruise. This is a muscle trauma with an indirect impact on the bones
Treatment for bruised foot depends on the severity of the injury and the location. It is important to note that if misdiagnosed, a bruised bone can be a dangerous condition.
During the acute or early stages of a bruised foot injury, the primary treatment is almost same for most injuries. This treatment method is called the PRICE treatment:
Your physical therapist will suggest these treatment methods, depending on the type of injury. Additionally, your therapist will also suggest a few home care methods, which as how you can rest the injured foot, which position you must rest in and movements which you must avoid.
The PRICE regime will be continues until pain, redness, swelling, heat or inflammation subsides. Symptoms may improve on a day to day basis if the price regime is followed regularly. If the symptoms do not improve with the regime, you should see your doctor and get your injury re-evaluated.
Exercises for bruised foot
Depending on the type of injury and location, your physical therapist may suggest a few easy exercises to be performed on a regular basis. You do not need special equipment for these exercises, and they can be easily performed at home. Seek guidance from your physical therapist as to how you must perform these exercises without causing re-injury – preferably under the therapist’s supervision during the initial stages.
This exercise will increase the range of motion of the foot. Sit on the floor with the affected leg and knee extended fully before you. Loop a towel around the ball of the affected foot and grab one end of the towel per hand. Gently pull the towel towards you, making sure that your knees are still straight. You should feel a stretch in your foot and the lower leg by doing so. Sustain this position for 30 seconds and relax. Perform 3 reps.
This exercise serves two purposes – stretching your foot and icing it. Take a plastic, disposable bottle filled with water and place it in the freezer. After t is frozen, roll it under your foot (barefoot), from the heel to the ball of the foot. Perform this exercise for 3-5 minutes several times a day. Ideally, you must perform this exercise first thing in the morning so that pain and swelling are reduced for the whole day.
- Ankle range of motion
Performing range of motion exercises with your foot can allow you to resume normal physical activity within a shorter period of time – make sure you consult your physical therapist and health care provider about when it is safe to get back to your normal sports activities. To perform this exercise, sit down with the leg fully extended in front of you with the knee facing the ceiling. Move your ankle side-to-side, up and down and in clockwise and anticlockwise directions. Make sure there is not pain while doing so and you only feel a mild to moderate stretch in your foot. Only move the ankle and foot and avoid moving the leg while performing this exercise. Move the affected ankle in each direction and repeat 10 times. You can also use your hand to assist your foot, if needed.
For world class foot care and treatment, Call i Physio Perth today at 9444 8729!