Perth Physiotherapy for Ankle Sprains – The function of muscles in the ankles is to allow the movement of the foot. Many muscles attach to the anklebone, either by way of a tendon or directly, on each side of the joint. The contraction of the muscles in the ankle makes the joint to move with a full range of motion.
What Is An Ankle Sprain?
An ankle sprain refers to a medical condition that involves the tearing of one or more ligaments of the ankle.
A sprain injury causes muscle fibers to be pulled apart and lose the ability to contract. Mild sprains usually cause stretching of a few of the muscle fibers, whereas severe sprains cause a complete rupture of some or all muscle fibers in the ankle. Most ankle sprains affect ligaments on the outer side of the ankle.
Why Do We Get Ankle Sprains?
The risk of ankle sprains is greatest during sports that involve explosive side-to-side motion, such as basketball, hockey, football and rugby. Moreover, rapid shifting movements with one’s position on the ground can lead to a sprained ankle. Normal daily activities such as slipping on stairs may also cause ankle sprains.
Factors That Make An Athlete Susceptible To Ankle Injuries Include:
- Lack of proper stretching before activity
- Running on uneven surfaces
- Poor ankle flexibility
- Wearing faulty footwear
- Slow neuron muscular response to an off-balance position
- Weak ligaments that join together the bones of the ankle joint
- Weak fibular or peroneal muscles.
Typical Symptoms Of A Sprained Ankle Include:
- Swelling, bruising, pain and restricted range of motion.
- Following a sprain, a fluid is leaked by the blood vessels into the surrounding tissues around the ankle, causing inflammation and bruising.
- The nerves in the area will become more sensitive, making pain worse.
- Moreover, blood flow is also increased to the area, which in turn causes redness and warmth.
- The ankle area is usually tender to touch and one feels extreme pain when pressure is placed on the affected ankle.
- The more swelling and pain one has, the more severe one’s ankle sprain is and the longer it will take to heal.
How To Cope With A Sprained Ankle?
- In mild and moderate ankle sprains, use of an orthopedic walking boot helps reduce swelling and tenderness.
- Crutches and braces are also recommended by an expert, which help alleviate the pain. Ice therapy in cycles of 15-20 minutes on and 15-20 minutes off is used to reduce inflammation.
- Many different types of rehabilitation exercises are available in physiotherapy which can speed up the recovery process.
- Ankle exercises such as ankle circles can be performed by extending the legs in front of the body and rotating the affected foot in a circle.
- Strengthening exercises such as eversion exercises help improve ankle stability and range of motion.
- Balance exercises (exercises that make use of a wobble board) are very effective in regaining strength and power in the affected ankle.
- However, severe ankle sprains especially those which involve the complete tearing of the ankle ligaments may require surgical repair.
Visit the nearest physiotherapy center to get your ankle evaluated. An expert will ask you how your injury occurred and will determine the extent of the injury. Once a diagnosis has been made, he or she may order an X-ray to rule out a broken bone in the foot or the ankle.
Please do not hesitate to call Happy Physio for expert Physiotherapy on (08) 9272 7359 today if you have an ankle sprain that you’re concerned about.