Stem cell research seems to hold extraordinary promise for the treatment of human diseases. Medical researchers believe that stem cell treatments have the potential to change the face of human disease and alleviate suffering. They are looking in a possibility of using stem cells as a new treatment for low back pain. Harvesting and then re-injecting the body’s own bone marrow, which is abundant in stem cells, may repair worn-out discs in the spine.
Low Back Pain
The lower back is composed of muscles, tendons, and other soft tissues, highly sensitive nerves and nerve roots, small and complex joints, and spinal discs with their gelatinous inner cores.
Low back pain basically refers to pain to any structures in the lower back, particularly anywhere below the ribs and above the legs, which can radiate to other parts of the body such as legs and feet. Low back pain is very common that almost everyone will experience it at one time or another.
Causes of low back pain include overuse, strain, or injury, aging, herniated disc, arthritis, compression fractures, illness, and an inborn spine problem.
Symptoms of low back pain may vary depending on the cause. The pain may be dull or sharp, occurring in a small area or broad area. Low back pain can also cause leg discomfort if the nerve affected travels down to the legs.
Most low back pain is acute, which will last only in a few weeks. It is more likely to become chronic or long-lasting if a person is depressed or under stress.
It is recommended to see a healthcare professional if low back pain does not improve after three days. Visiting a doctor is a must if you have regular episodes of back pain for more than six weeks.
Stem Cell Therapy
Stem cells are used by new and current regenerative therapies to create living and functional tissues to regenerate and repair tissue and organs in the body that are damaged due to age, disease and congenital defects.
Focusing on the role of stem cell therapy in low back pain, its proposed mechanism of action is regeneration of local spinal structures which are degenerative and/or presumed to be damaged. A stem cell transplant is usually done through injection or infusion of healthy stem cells into the body to replace damaged or diseased stem cells. Stem cell treatments are all specialist procedures. They should be performed only in specialized health authorities.
How Physiotherapy Helps
Physiotherapy promotes healing and restore normal movement and functioning of the body. Physiotherapists engage the patients in exercises such as stretching, low-impact aerobic conditioning, pain relief exercises and strengthening exercises.
Regenerative and secretory properties of bone marrow-derived stem cells can improve symptoms of paralysis in some patients when coupled with physiotherapy. In a study of patients with spinal cord injuries, a combination of stem cell therapy and physiotherapy led to improvement of neurological function compared to stem cell therapy alone.
Stem cell therapy remains a new science but the results have this far been impressive enough that scientists are eagerly ways to treat many diseases.
Physiotherapy as an adjunctive therapy produces better results as it promotes activity which helps in proper restoration of the body. If you are looking for an optimised treatment result and want to get back to active lifestyle, i Physio Perth will help you get there.
Talk to any of our Perth physiotherapists at 9272 7359 to get started on your road to recovery!